The International Journal of Neural Networks and Applications is a peer-reviewed journal. International Journal of Neural Networks and Applications is an international journal appearing twice each year that publishes original research and review articles concerned with the modeling of brain and behavioral processes and the application of these models to computer and related technologies. Models aimed at the explanation and prediction of biological data and models aimed at the solution of technological problems are both solicited, as are mathematical and computational analyses of both types of models. International Journal on Neural Networks and Applications serves as a central, interdisciplinary publication for all researchers in the field and its editors represent a range of fields including psychology, neurobiology, mathematics, physics, computer science, and engineering. Authors are invited to submit three hard copies of their manuscript + the file by e-mail or attached diskette to the editor-in-chief, at the address below. To defray the cost of mailing, manuscripts submitted for publication will not be returned to the authors.